MAGIC OF THE RIGHT
the dreaded pengiwa there is a neutralizing magic used by
priests and witch-doctors to protect their clients from
Ieyaks, a magic as powerful as that of the witches and consisting
of the same elements as the magic of the " left "
- formulas (mantra) charms (serana) , and amulets (penawar,
charms are " yellow " coconuts, dadap leaves,
onions and salt, flowers, rubbings of gold, rain-water that
collects in plants, camphor, a lamp burning perfumed oil,
twin bananas and twin coconuts, over which a formula is
recited. These amulets are often pictures of monsters and
fantastically distorted deities, surrounded
with cabalistic symbols, drawn on a piece of new white cloth
or on a thin plaque of silver or copper, worn at the waist,
hung over the house gate or in front of the rice granary.
The images drawn on these little flags, called tumbal, may
represent the weapons (senyata) of the gods, or may be pictures
of Batara Kala, Batara Gana, or curious represensations
of that intriguing and abstract Balinese divinity Tintiya,
known also as Sanghyang Tunggal - the Unthinkable, the Solitary,
the Original God. Tintiya appears often in ritual objects
in the form of a nude male white figure, bristling with
trident-shaped flames emanating from his head, temples,
shoulders, elbows, penis, knees, and feet.
His hands are clasped in an attitude of prayer and ]us right
foot rests on a fiery wheel, a tjakra. The Tintiyas used
as amulets of magic arc fantastically distorted, often in
absurd positions, with many heads, or simply Tintiya heads
attached to abstract and geometrical shapes. " Rangdas
" and monsters of all sorts used as tumbals are aimed
to ward off, by sympathetic magic, the ghosts and werewolves
that annoy and persecute the Balinese.
magic formulas of the " right " are most often
simple prayers, litanies of names of protective spirits
and curses to intimidate and confound the leyaks. The examples
here are taken at random from my manuscript of penengen:
. . you of the wicked heart, your eyes be blinded, your
hands be paralysed, your feet be useless."
(Ih, deriya mata malem, lirna langah, batis djodjo.)
. . . The high and learned who understand the formulas watch
over my body day and night, in good and in bad, they watch
over me so that I shall not die in my dreams, die in health.
Do not be afraid." (Ne manusa luwih penguruh merta
sandi mantra, ngidjing sai, ring awaku petang lemah, ala-ayu,
ane nungg(aku apangeda mati ngipi, rnati ngawag-ngawag,
tan kuwasa molah.)
". . . ONG! the Original Word, whose brilliance is
like the air that fills the sky, a spell is on my house,
a great forest surrounded by tigers. A thousand witches
bow down to me meekly and fearfully [because] the amulet
given to my enemies by the gods is worn out and spoiled.
. . ." (Ong, saremula, sutedjaniya kadi kangin ngibehing
akasa, tulah tumpur umahkii alas agung matjan mengiderim,
lelo tumpuragung siu leyake membah, sing serana puna.h pegawen
sandelung, paweh dewa punah, teka punah. )
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